Top 5 Facts about the Rainbow Mountain

wide picture of Rainbow Mountain in the sharp light

Global warming is a nuisance for the entire world and is continuously inflicting several obstacles for the earth’s sustainability. However, the drastic climate change in the region of Peru had recently given shape to one of the most incredible visual wonders of the world. Yes, we’re talking about the beautiful Ausangate and Rainbow Mountains—the legacy of climate change.

Rainbow Mountain is located 3 hours away from Cusco at an altitude of 5200 meters. Rainbow Mountain became famous on social media due to its vast rainbow-like colors. Some sources have said that if we look at the mountains from a certain angle, 14 different colors can be spotted with their distinct radiance.

So, what makes these mountains so colorful, and where do they get these colors from? We have listed a few of the most incredible facts about Rainbow Mountain below:

Rainbow Mountain—Incredible Facts

The Colors of the Mountain

The colors of the mountain are products of weather and the abundance of minerals that can be found in the mountains. It is said that the mountain possesses 14 different minerals on the core and the surface. The minerals on the outside have distinct looks and colors that collectively provide a rainbow-esque look to the mountains.

These minerals include red clay, sandstone, magnesium, mud, limestone, and several other sulphurous minerals.

The Actual Name

Although widely known as the rainbow mountain, we believe it got its name from social media. The mountain’s real name is Vinicunca Mountain, which comprises the words “wini” and “kunka.” Wini means black stone, and kunka refers to the “neck.”

The locals often call it “Montaña de Siete Colores”, which can literally be translated to the mountain of seven colors.

The Wildlife on the Mountain

Now that the climate conditions of the mountain have settled in—it homes a variety of mountain animals and other creatures. You can spot deer, llamas, alpacas, skunks, foxes, partridges, among several other creatures. The area is filled with mountain locals herding their animals, particularly alpacas.

a shepherdess with an Alpaca on Rainbow Mountain

Does the Mountain Color Change?

The color of the mountain has relevance to the climate conditions. When the weather is warm and sunny, the mountain’s colors appear much brighter than cloudy and cold weather when the colors appear deeper.

Best Time to Visit the Mountain

The climate can change drastically in Peru—and these mountains are located 5000 meters above sea level, so it’s better to avoid visiting during the winter season. Ideally, the right time to visit Rainbow Mountain is between April and September and the start of October because this is when the weather is dry and bright—leaving more for you to see and better colors to observe.

Plan the Best Rainbow Mountain Tour

If you’re travelling to see the incredible rainbow mountain—consider our expert guide at Rainbow Mountain Expeditions.

Our team of travel enthusiasts can travel the perfect rainbow mountain trek or even a private tour according to your personal needs—at the best prices.

Contact us to learn more about what we have to offer in various destinations of Cusco.

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